Category Archives: Taiji

THE TAIJI MANUAL OF JU HAO

– 孫氏太極拳 SUN STYLE TAIJI BOXING 居浩 by Ju Hao [published in Taiwan by 真善美出版社 Truth-Goodness-Beauty Press, May, 1967] [translation by Paul Brennan, Sep, 2020] – 孫祿堂先生 Portrait of Sun Lutang – 編著者近影 Portrait of the author – 居浩著孫派太極拳 for … Continue reading

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CHEN WEIMING’S ADDITIONAL TAIJI PHOTOS

– 附圖 ADDITIONAL PHOTOS FOR THE TAIJI BOXING SOLO SET 陳微明 by Chen Weiming [1933] [translation by Paul Brennan, June, 2020] – 附圖說明 ABOUT THE ADDITIONAL PHOTOS 余著太極拳術一書用楊澄甫先生攝影圖式缺者余為補之共五十圖閱者尚嫌圖少余去歲赴粤應中山大學之聘請有梁生勁予者欲余攝太極全圖凡轉動之處可攝者均攝出無遺共一百十八式較原圖增多六十八式今將此圖製成銅版付印附於書內閱者參觀附圖更為明瞭惟複式太多未能重印特編為詳細目錄連重複者共二百六十一式按目索圖亦不費力余新攝之圖與楊澄甫先生在杭州所攝之圖比較觀之姿式規矩尚未差異是可告于閱者 太極起式假定面向正南轉右則為正西轉左則為正東轉後則為正北或正或隅均以起式向南而推之此圖從首至終均照一定之方向閱者觀圖卽可知其向何方也 凡轉動之處雖未能停止然以便閱者明其轉動之方向形式故于轉動之處亦攝一圖或二圖雖不能如電影片之密合亦可以觀得其大槪凡轉動之處必須圓滿不可有凹凸稜角則得之矣 When I wrote The Art of Taiji Boxing [1925], I … Continue reading

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YANG STYLE TAIJI SWORD ACCORDING TO SHI DIAOMEI

– 太極劍譜圖說 A TAIJI SWORD HANDBOOK 施調梅 by Shi Diaomei [published by 華新印書館有限公司 Huaxin Publishing Company of Taiwan, June, 1959] [translation by Paul Brennan, April, 2020] – 一 總說 PART ONE: INTRODUCTION 劍術:為吾國最古之技擊,法簡而奧妙無窮,初學必先依㝎式練習,以訓練其心眼身手步五到合一,為主要之基本工夫,依式練習至於純熟,然後再言用劍,依㝎式練習,是名舞劍,能舞不能用,不足以言技,知用不能舞,亦不能名技。 凡技擊,必以拳術為基礎,拳有各派,劍亦分各派,故太極劍,自必以太極拳為基礎,而身手步法,方能中式,蓋使劍亦如使拳,不外意氣為君,故舞劍之要,非身使劍,以意運劍,意先身後,是為入門要訣。 然後以閃展騰拿,腕活臂靈之手法,輕靈矯捷之步法,懸頂含胸,沉肩鬆腰之身法,綜之以氣沉神凝,完整而貫串,習之既久,身與劍合,劍與神合矣。 劍法亦有十三勢,即抽,帶,提,格,擊,刺,點,掤,劈,截,攪,壓,沉,是也,故又稱太極十三劍。 The sword art is our … Continue reading

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AN INTRODUCTION TO CHEN STYLE TAIJI

– 太極拳學入門總解 GENERAL EXPLANATIONS OF TAIJI BOXING FUNDAMENTALS 陳績甫 by Chen Jifu [Zhaopi] [1930] [translation by Paul Brennan, Sep, 2019] – 弁言 PREFACE 比年國術振興,拳學崛奇;競相授受,所至風靡;强國之基,茲或先兆。惟學者須取法上乘,專一簡練,期有心得,崇之力行方可。納於小,以健氣體,用諸大,而資抗禦。否則選擇不愼,誤入岐途:或激於過剛,摧及筋骨;或流於太柔,莫益身驅;是皆昧於學拳之道也。考吾國拳術,有少林,達摩,八卦,行意,大紅,小紅,等名稱;門類繁多,純駁不一,求其能合陰陽變化之理,動靜闔闢之妙,剛柔互濟,虛實錯綜,渾然一圓,而發自號極,瞬焉萬變,而莫窮其極者,當推太極拳;為國術唯一正宗。惜今之精斯拳者綦罕,雖間有假借斯名,儼樹一幟,不過竊得形似,以偽混眞,誘惑一時,譾學者流耳。河南温縣陳家溝,陳氏嫡傳之太極拳,淵源正宗,代著奇績,一脈纘紹,愈研愈進;此為當世留心國術者,所槪知。其嗣有陳君復生績甫者:早負大小阮拳擘並齊之目,客歲諸友延之來平,宣揚國術,各界人士,往學爭先,凡受其教者,因材力高下,時期長短,雖參差未齊,要已頗能約略有所會悟,窺得一體,而眞正之拳學上乘,至斯始見。績甫為便初學,手編太極拳學入門總解一册,內分七十四節,逐一說明,姿勢及動作,定規氣行竅穴。余閱之,喜其簡明,有裨學者爰弁數語。聊為導言。至於詳細講解此拳眞締,另有專編待刋,他日出而共世,則拳學針航,胥於是在,企余望之。 中華民國十九年八月古温敬莊李慶臨識於津門 In recent years, Chinese martial arts have been getting vigorously promoted and boxing studies are … Continue reading

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TAIJI BOXING ACCORDING TO SHI DIAOMEI

– 太極拳譜圖說 A TAIJI BOXING HANDBOOK 施調梅 by Shi Diaomei [published by 華新印書館有限公司 Huaxin Publishing Company of Taiwan, June, 1959] [translation by Paul Brennan, March, 2019] – 一 總說 PART ONE: INTRODUCTION 或問:子曩言:「太極無法,動即是法,」並引易傳曰:「變動不居,周流六虛,上下無常,剛柔相易,不可為典要,唯變㪽適,」今子又作啚説,舉凡一臂之髙低,一步之大小,身向之正隅,莫不斤斤以繩墨相示,不與前義適相反耶?予曰:不然,無法者,乃不變之義,不變者:太極之「體」也,動者,變也,變者:太極之「用」也,法本無法,故始雖有法而終於無法,「不可為典要」者:不可抱泥於繩墨而不知變也,故曰:「唯變㪽適,」是以手之㪽指,足之㪽蹈,身之㪽向,必先合於繩墨而後繩墨可廢,㪽謂「由著熟而後懂勁,」著―繩墨也,懂勁―則可不拘繩墨矣,故曰:「變動不居,周流六虛,」無往而不從心㪽欲矣,是與前義並不相反而實相成,且太極拳之拳架,以節節貫串,刻刻變化為苐一義,故其動也,曲中求直,如環之無端,泯斷續之跡,其變也,由漸而微,如白雲之為蒼狗,斯須無變化之痕,是安得以繩墨可求耶?故是啚之作乃不得已為初學入門引路之需,閱是啚者,當如視空中飛鳥,水上作畫然,祇可以會於心,而不可泥於跡,則庶幾可得筌蹄之用而無刻舟求劍之誚矣。 然則著如何而能熟耶?曰:在初學,每學一勢,或一名式,必反覆繼續練習,至純熟而後再加一手或一式,如是雖全套名目數十式,亦不難式式皆綿密周到,貫串一氣也,㪽謂日計不足,月計有餘矣,若練完全套,每日兩遍,能使純熟,三遍能增功夫,若每日一遍,僅不忘而已。 至於換氣轉勁工夫:如攬雀尾一式,有掤捋擠按四法之勁,由上掤向前之勁,一換氣而變為下捋向後之勁,再換氣而變為前擠之勁,更換氣而變鬆化下按之勁,一式一勢,一開一合,交接之間,換式換勢,換勢換法,換法換意,由換意而換氣,由換氣而換勁,此種變換之中,內部之意氣運用,與外部之四肢開合,有密切關係,譜云:意氣須換得靈,乃有圓活之趣,又云:勁以曲蓄而有餘等,諸如此類,指示綦詳,學者務照譜中㪽示細心體驗,善自存養增長,但勿有絲毫做作,一切純任自然,則無氣喘身搖之病,迨至功夫漸純,手足日漸輕靈,腰腿日漸柔順,掌心足底日漸盈滿,精神充足,發聲洪亮,耐飢耐寒,耐勞耐久,皆可證驗得之。 專練拳架,是為築基,工夫之深淺,全視築基之是否合乎理法,此乃練體脩己之事也,既得其體,須兼達其用,始成名家,用―運用變化之謂,㪽謂體不離用,用不離體,一切學問藝術,莫不皆然,故練拳外,須兼學推手,更進而練散手,則拳術之能事畢矣,然而欲完成此一大段工夫,非有十年以上之勤習苦練,難望有成,是故學者如牛毛,成名者則代不數人,此無他,蓋堅忍有恆者,實不可多得耳。 Someone once asked me: “A … Continue reading

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THE INSIGHTS OF WU GONGZAO

– 太極拳講義 TAIJI BOXING EXPLAINED 著作者 吳公藻 by Wu Gongzao 校正者 吳公儀 text proofread by Wu Gongyi [published by the 湖南國術訓練所 Hunan Martial Arts Training Institute, June, 1935] [translation by Paul Brennan, Dec, 2018] – 吳公藻編 by Wu Gongzao: 太極拳講義 Taiji Boxing … Continue reading

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TAIJI BOXING ACCORDING TO XU ZHIYI

– 太極拳(吳鑑泉式) TAIJI BOXING (WU JIANQUAN STYLE) 徐致一編著 by Xu Zhiyi [published July, 1958] [translation by Paul Brennan, July, 2018] – 目錄 CONTENTS 第一章 太極拳的優點 Chapter One: The Merits of Taiji Boxing 第二章 太極拳在行功時的心理作用 Chapter Two: Psychological Function in the Practice of … Continue reading

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THE TAIJI MANUAL OF LONG ZIXIANG

– 太極拳學 A STUDY OF TAIJI BOXING 龍子祥 by Long Zixiang [published Jan, 1952] [translation by Paul Brennan, March, 2018] – 龍子祥先生著 by Long Zixiang: 太極拳學 A Study of Taiji Boxing 謝伯昌題 – calligraphy by Xie Bochang – 龍子祥先生大作太極拳學付梓奉題 in … Continue reading

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TAIJI BOXING ACCORDING TO TIAN ZHENFENG

– 太極拳講義 TAIJI BOXING EXPLAINED 田鎮峰 by Tian Zhenfeng [1931] [translation by Paul Brennan, Jan, 2018] – 編者例言 田鎭峯 AUTHOR’S INTRODUCTORY REMARKS 一,是書以闡揚國術,溶化門派為主旨,其虛誕之說,盡皆删去,因編時倉卒,未遑校正,疎漏之虞,槪所難免,故定名曰,太極拳講義草本,擬從事審核,再為出版, – The purpose of this book is to promote martial arts and melt away bias between styles. All … Continue reading

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TAIJI WRITINGS FROM THE SHANGHAI YMCA

– 青年會太極拳班週年特刋 THE YMCA TAIJI BOXING CLUB’S ANNIVERSARY BOOK 民國十八年十二月 上海靑年會太極拳班贈 A Present from the Shanghai YMCA Taiji Boxing Club, Dec, 1929 [translation by Paul Brennan, Xmas, 2017] – 青年會太極拳班週年特刋 The YMCA Taiji Boxing Club’s Anniversary Book 姜乾題 – calligraphy by … Continue reading

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TAIJI BOXING ACCORDING TO CHEN ZIMING

– 陳氏世傳太極拳術 THE INHERITED CHEN FAMILY TAIJI BOXING ART 著作者 溫縣陳子明 by Chen Ziming 審定者 中央國術館 河南省國術館 authorized by the Central Martial Arts Institute and the Henan Martial Arts Institute 校閱者 沁陽劉丕顯 定興朱國福 proofread by Liu Pixian of Qinyang and Zhu Guofu of Dingxing 發行處 中國武術學會 … Continue reading

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THE TAIJI MANUAL OF WAN LAISHENG

– 湖南國術訓練所 From the Hunan Martial Arts Training Institute’s 武術小叢書之一 “Small Collection of Martial Arts Books” – 原式太極拳圖解 ORIGINAL POSTURES OF TAIJI BOXING EXPLAINED 萬籟聲編著 by Wan Laisheng [published 1932] [translation by Paul Brennan, June, 2017] – 萬籟聲先生近影 Portrait of … Continue reading

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TEACHINGS OF SONG SHUMING

– 太極功 THE TAIJI ART 宋書銘 by Song Shuming [1908] [translation by Paul Brennan, Mar, 2017] – [Wu Tunan wrote in 1983 that this document was presented to him by a friend named Zhang Ximing in 1908. There is no … Continue reading

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TAIJI BOXING ACCORDING TO WU TUNAN

– 科學化的國術太極拳 A MORE SCIENTIFIC MARTIAL ART: TAIJI BOXING 吳圖南 by Wu Tunan [published by 商務印書館 The Commercial Press, LTD, Oct, 1931] [translation by Paul Brennan, Feb, 2017] – 科學化的國術太極拳 A More Scientific Martial Art: Taiji Boxing 褚民誼題 – calligraphy … Continue reading

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DONG HULING’S APPLICATIONS

– 太極拳使用法 METHODS OF APPLYING TAIJI BOXING 董虎嶺 by Dong Huling [1956] [translation by Paul Brennan, Jan, 2017] – 董虎嶺著 by Dong Huling: 太極拳使用法 Methods of Applying Taiji Boxing 如衡署 – calligraphy by [Li] Ruheng – 董英傑老師像 Portrait of Dong … Continue reading

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FURTHER TAIJI DISCUSSION FROM WU ZHIQING

– 太極正宗銓真 GENUINE EXPLANATIONS FOR AUTHENTIC TAIJI 吳志青 by Wu Zhiqing [published Oct, 1943] [translation by Paul Brennan, Dec, 2016] – 吳志青著 by Wu Zhiqing: 太極正宗銓真 Genuine Explanations for Authentic Taiji 張小廔署耑 – calligraphy by Zhang Xiaolou – 太極拳正宗詮真 自序 AUTHOR’S … Continue reading

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TAIJI BOXING ACCORDING TO WU ZHIQING

– 太極正宗 AUTHENTIC TAIJI 吳志青 by Wu Zhiqing [published by 大東書局 Great East Bookstore, Sep, 1936] [translation by Paul Brennan, Oct, 2016] – 尚武精神 Martial spirit! 王震 – [calligraphy by] Wang Zhen – 居今之世非尚武不是以保民族之生命太極拳亦武術之一種借敵人之力以打敵人乃其妙用也 In today’s world, if we do … Continue reading

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XIANG KAIRAN’S TAIJI EXPERIENCE

– 向愷然先生練太極拳之經驗 MY EXPERIENCE OF PRACTICING TAIJI BOXING by Xiang Kairan [written in 1929, published in Wu Zhiqing’s 太極正宗 Authentic Taiji, 1936] [translation by Paul Brennan, July, 2016] – 前淸丁未年間。我在日本會見一位直隸朋友。就聽他說起北方練拳術的人。有幾個大派別。一派是練八卦拳的。一派是練形意拳的。一派是太極拳的。還有一派練岳氏散手拳的。後來由岳氏散手。又產生一派。謂岳氏連拳。此外雖尚有不少的家數。然練習的比較人少。不能自成一派。我當時聽了這些話。不過知道有這些名目罷了。究竟各派是些什麼手法。彼此分別之點。在什麼地方。因那位直隸朋友。不能一一演給我看。無從知道。直到民國癸卯年。遇見李存義的弟子葉雲表、郝海鵬。纔見着了形意拳。八卦拳也看了一部份。太極拳。仍是不曾見着。不過曾聽得葉、郝二人說起太極拳意義。使我增添了許多向往之心罷了。 In 1907, I was in Japan visiting a friend from … Continue reading

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THE TAIJI MANUAL OF YAO FUCHUN & JIANG RONGQIAO

– 太極拳講義 TAIJI BOXING EXPLAINED 姚馥春 姜容樵 合編 by Yao Fuchun & Jiang Rongqiao [published by 上海武學書局 Shanghai Martial Studies Press, 1930] [translation by Paul Brennan, May, 2016] – 太極拳 Taiji Boxing – [calligraphy by 蔣中正 Jiang Zhongzheng] – 姚馥春近影 Portrait of … Continue reading

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CHU MINYI’S TRAINING EQUIPMENT

– 太極拳圖 TAIJI BOXING PHOTOGRAPHED 褚民誼 by Chu Minyi [published by 上海九福有限公司發行 The Many Blessings Company of Shanghai, 1929] [translation by Paul Brennan, Feb, 2016] – 太極拳圖 Taiji Boxing Photographed 褚民誼題 – calligraphy by Chu Minyi – 褚民誼先生之玉照 Portrait of … Continue reading

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YIN QIANHE’S TAIJI

– 太極拳 TAIJI BOXING 山東 尹千合著 by Yin Qianhe of Shandong [circa 1958] [translation by Paul Brennan, Dec, 2015] – [This book seems to have been written around the same time as Yin’s Baduanjin and Taiji Sword books, though it was … Continue reading

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YANG STYLE TAIJI SWORD ACCORDING TO YIN QIANHE

– 太極劍 TAIJI SWORD 尹千合 by Yin Qianhe [published by 北辰出版社 Pole Star Press, Nov 10, 1958] [translation by Paul Brennan, Dec, 2015] – 尹千合著 by Yin Qianhe: 太極劍 Taiji Sword 何应欽 – [calligraphy by] He Yingqin – 沈序 PREFACE … Continue reading

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WU STYLE TAIJI SWORD (QIANKUN JIAN)

– 太極劍 TAIJI SWORD 吳圖南 by Wu Tunan [published by 商務印書館 The Commercial Press, LTD, July, 1936] [translation by Paul Brennan, Nov, 2015] – 吳圖南先生著 By Wu Tunan: 太極劔 Taiji Sword 褚民誼 – [calligraphy by] Chu Minyi – 孫哲生先生題詞 INSCRIPTION … Continue reading

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THE TAIJI MANUAL OF LI XIANWU

– 太極拳 TAIJI BOXING 李先五 by Li Xianwu [published June, 1933] [translation by Paul Brennan, Oct, 2015] – 太極拳 Taiji Boxing 張人傑題 – calligraphy by Zhang Renjie – 健康之路 The path to health 楊崇蔚 – [calligraphy by] Yang Chongwei – … Continue reading

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TAIJI BOXING ACCORDING TO LI SHOUJIAN

– 武當嫡派太極拳術 DESCENDED FROM WUDANG – THE TAIJI BOXING ART 李壽籛 by Li Shoujian [published by the 業餘太極拳社 After-Work Taiji Boxing Society, Sep, 1944, and printed by 大東書局 Great East Press (having moved its offices from Shanghai to Chongqing in … Continue reading

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THE TAIJI MANUAL OF SUN LUTANG

– 太極拳學 A STUDY OF TAIJI BOXING 孫福全 by Sun Fuquan [Lutang] [published June, 1921] [translation by Paul Brennan, April, 2015] – 大總統府武承宣官 Head Martial Arts Instructor of the Presidential Palace [appointed by president Xu Shichang himself] 陸軍步兵少校六等文虎章孫福全 Major Sun … Continue reading

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SUN STYLE TAIJI

– 太極拳 TAIJI BOXING 孫劍雲 整理 孫祿堂 原著 by Sun Jianyun, based on original material by Sun Lutang [published by 人民體育出版社 The People’s Physical Education Press, Sep, 1957] [translation by Paul Brennan, March, 2015] – 目錄 CONTENTS 前言 Foreword 總說 Introduction 上編 Part … Continue reading

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THE TAIJI MANUAL OF CAI YIZHONG

– 太極拳圖解 TAIJI BOXING ILLUSTRATED 蔡翼中 by Cai Yizhong [published Oct 1, 1933] [translation by Paul Brennan, Nov, 2014] – 瑞安蔡翼中编 By Cai Yizhong of Rui’an: 太極拳圖解 Taiji Boxing Illustrated 馬公愚題 – calligraphy by Ma Gongyu – 國術精華 The essence … Continue reading

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WU STYLE TAIJI SABER (XUANXUAN DAO)

– 內家拳太極功玄玄刀 THE TAIJI UNFATHOMABLE SABER OF THE INTERNAL SCHOOL 吳圖南著 by Wu Tunan [published by 商務印書館 The Commercial Press, LTD, Apr, 1934] [translation by Paul Brennan, Sep, 2014] – 褚民誼先生 Portrait of Chu Minyi 圖南兄惠存 A souvenir for “elder … Continue reading

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SIMPLE INTRODUCTION TO TAIJI BOXING (TAIJI QUAN QIAN SHUO)

– 太極拳淺說 SIMPLE INTRODUCTION TO TAIJI BOXING 徐致一 by Xu Zhiyi [published Sep, 1927] [translation by Paul Brennan, Aug, 2014] – 太極拳淺説 Simple Introduction to Taiji Boxing 莊蘊寬題 – calligraphy by Zhuang Yunkuan – 會稽顧燮光題詞 FOREWORD BY GU XIEGUANG OF … Continue reading

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MARTIAL ARTS DISCUSSIONS by HUANG YUANXIU

– 楊家太極拳各藝要義 武術偶談 THE SKILLS & ESSENTIALS OF YANG STYLE TAIJI BOXING and MARTIAL ARTS DISCUSSIONS 黃文叔先生著 by Huang Wenshu [Yuanxiu] [published by 國術統一月刊社 Martial Arts United Monthly Magazine Society, June 15, 1936] [translation by Paul Brennan, June, 2014] – 國術界泰斗合影 … Continue reading

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TAIJI BOXING ACCORDING TO CHEN YANLIN

– 太極拳刀劍桿散手合編 TAIJI COMPILED: THE BOXING, SABER, SWORD, POLE, AND SPARRING 陳炎林 by Chen Yanlin [published June, 1943] [translation by Paul Brennan, March, 2014] – 敘 PREFACE   我國武術。門派綦繁。由來已久。迄於今日。泰半失傳。縱有存留。蓋亦闕而不全。略而不詳。謹就太極拳言之。遠姑勿論。卽清代楊露禪一流。所傳於今者。亦僅皮毛耳。溯其所以失傳之由。良有數因。夫以近代人事繁劇。習者視為業餘消遣。惟求養身治病。不思進求眞實技能。一也。吾國習慣。技術非子不傳。子若不肖。技遂中絕。二也。祕術多由口授。或有筆之於譜。亦珍藏不肯示人。三也。自武器革新。拳術視同弁髦。以之強身却病固有餘。以之臨陣退敵則不足。世人遂不深究。四也。茫茫華夏。何地無才。然而丁茲末世。雖有奇人高士。遁跡唯恐不遠。寧復傳非其人。為世詬病。五也。有是數因。斯道遂晦。後人一知半解。以訛傳訛。學者終不得其門而入。大好國粹。幾如廣陵散之將成絕響。不其惜哉。但近人之言拳術。莫不首崇太極。教者非太極不傳。學者非太極不習。大有舍此無由之槪。而不知我國拳術。一門有一門之專。一派有一派之長。固未可加以歧視也。考世人崇尚太極之由。以其動作緩和。呼吸自然。不尚拙力。鍛鍊精氣神。使身心兩者合而為一。然太極更有黏化諸勁。節拿抓閉等專長與運氣之妙用。均為别派所闕如。世或未之知。或知之而未審。蓋太極者。一舉一動。均合科學化。精神化。小則可以強身却病。禦敵防侮。大則養氣凝神。為修道之不二法門。其奥妙實非楮墨所能盡述。惟究是道者。若以之強身却病。余可無言。若欲得其精微。必須兼具四事。身體適合。能下苦功。此其一。環境優良。時間寬裕。此其二。心靜氣和。而有恆心。此其三。遇有名師。能誠意傳授。此其四。有是四者。方克成就。否則譬之緣木求魚。不可得也。著者不敏。以歷年研究所得。彙成此編。非敢管窺蠡測。炫奇矜異。蓋欲世之同志。共起提倡。保存高深之國粹耳。海内精是道者。諒不乏人。若能抱得寸進尺之精神。繼續加以研討。幷以所得。公諸同好。使此不絕如縷之國技。復還舊觀。豈惟個人之光榮。抑亦國家民族之幸也。跂予望之。爰撰斯編。 中華民國三十二年二月五日(歲朝春子刻) 陳公謹識 Our nation’s martial arts are extremely varied and have been … Continue reading

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YANG STYLE TAIJI SABER ACCORDING TO FU ZHONGWEN

– 太極刀 TAIJI SABER 傅鍾文示範 蔡龍雲編寫 as demonstrated by Fu Zhongwen and written by Cai Longyun [published by 人民體育出版社 The People’s Physical Education Press, June, 1959] [translation by Paul Brennan, Jan, 2014] – 目錄 CONTENTS 序言 Preface 太極刀的練習方法 Taiji Saber Training … Continue reading

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EXPLAINING TAIJI PRINCIPLES (TAIJI FA SHUO)

– 太極法說 EXPLAINING TAIJI PRINCIPLES 楊班侯 attributed to Yang Banhou [circa 1875] [translation by Paul Brennan, Sep, 2013] – [On the front cover, there are two titles for the manuscript and five personal stamps:] 太極法說〔吳愛仁堂〕 Explaining Taiji Principles (below which … Continue reading

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THE TAIJI MANUAL OF GU RUZHANG

– 太極拳 TAIJI BOXING 顧汝章 by Gu Ruzhang [published May, 1936] [translation by Paul Brennan, Aug, 2013] – 顧汝章先生著 by Gu Ruzhang: 太極拳附圖解 Taiji Boxing (including illustrations) 鄒魯題 – calligraphy by Zou Lu – 太極拳詳細圖解目錄 TAIJI BOXING ILLUSTRATED IN DETAIL … Continue reading

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YANG STYLE TAIJI SWORD ACCORDING TO CHEN YANLIN

– 太極拳刀劍桿散手合編〔卷七〕 PART SEVEN of Taiji Compiled: The Boxing, Saber, Sword, Pole, and Sparring 陳炎林 by Chen Yanlin [published June, 1943] [translation by Paul Brennan, July, 2013] – 太極劍 TAIJI SWORD 太極劍。亦稱十三勢劍。有十三字訣。抽、帶、提、格、擊、刺、點、崩、攪、壓、劈、截、洗。為楊家晚年著名武器之一。劍式姿勢美觀。用法奧妙。動作全以腰腿為主。不離乎太極拳之原則。動作時務宜虛領頂勁。含胸拔背。沉肩垂肘。鬆腰活腕。氣沉丹田。勁由脊發。惟此劍易學難精。凡初學之人。於未有深功時。貿然練習。泰半有強拗斷離。姿勢欠美等現象。斯皆因腰腿無功。不明用法所致。本編為使學者確實了解起見。特在敘述太極劍動作與用法前。略將劍之正義。稍加闡明。俾愛好此道者。有徑可踵。而免誤入歧途之虞。夫劍(除尖刃外)為兩面有口利器。不分正反面。兩面均可使用。銳利異常。用者萬不可以手抽拉。或貼靠身體。或盤頭攔腰。否則人未受損。而己已受傷矣。是以用劍必須週身輕靈。動作敏捷。精神提起。上貫於頂。呼吸自然。眼視劍尖。使精氣神與劍合而為一。手之執劍。須輕鬆靈活。不可以五指握之太緊。有礙活用。祇須以大指中指及無名指。三指執之。其食指與小指。宜時常鬆開。而掌中亦當空虛。如執筆狀。其出劍內勁。起於丹田。發自脊背。由臂達於劍尖。發時如矢之赴的。勇往直前。人劍微動。而己劍已到。夫如是。然後可以出神入化。語用劍之妙。盡劍法之長。至劍之效用。最著者乃在攻人之腕。(手腕)在與人武器交手時。設能首創其腕。則對方所持武器。卽失其效用。古代藝高者之名劍。在劍首二三寸處。鋒口必非常銳利。蓋卽以之能攻人之腕。刺人之心。刺人之膝也。此外對於劍鐔。(卽劍柄尾部)亦當注意。務使另一手常置鐔後。勿越過鐔前。俗云。「單刀看手。寶劍看鐔。」學者能明乎此。則大疵可免焉。 Taiji Sword is also called Thirteen Dynamics Sword … Continue reading

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TAIJI SPEAR METHODS ACCORDING TO CHEN YANLIN

– 太極拳刀劍桿散手合編〔卷九〕 PART NINE of Taiji Compiled: The Boxing, Saber, Sword, Pole, and Sparring 陳炎林 by Chen Yanlin [published June, 1943] [translation by Paul Brennan, June, 2013] – 太極扎桿 TAIJI THRUSTING POLE 太極拳中之扎桿。亦稱沾黏桿。或曰十三勢桿。有十三字訣。開、合、崩、劈、點、扎、撥、撩、纏、帶、滑、截。為太極拳中重要功夫之一。其沾、黏、化、拿、引、發、諸勁。與徒手拳式相同。亦異常奧妙。練法分單人雙人兩種。功至深造時。桿卽如手。週身之勁。可直達桿頭。猶如水銀裝於管中。發可至首。收可至尾。斯種扎桿。練法用法。含有畫戟與大槍二種。近人若以之全為大槍者實誤。蓋其未明太極拳中扎桿之效用耳。楊氏扎桿。甚為著名。而楊露禪以之救火。誠奇聞也。(見卷一楊家小傳章內)其與人對桿時。無論拿人發人。皆如用手。人遇其桿。卽失自主。被擊出一如手發。往往不知其所以然。惜此種深奧功夫。今已失傳。考桿之練習方法。計分單人扎桿法。雙人平圓沾黏扎桿法。雙人立體圓形沾黏扎桿法。及雙人動步刺心、刺腿、刺肩、刺喉、四桿法等數種。茲分述於後。俾大好國術餘粹。得以保存。不致復失傳矣。 桿、一稱蠟桿。係籐類。產於河南山東等地。性韌而堅實。不易斷裂。昔時用作槍戟等之把柄。有青白兩種。以白而有皮者為佳。其中尤以長過丈三外。兩根成對。下部三尺各無節。三尺以上所有苞節。均陰陽相對者為最佳。稱之謂成品。如用藏得法。經年愈久。其色愈鮮紅。愛此者每作為古玩。惜此種成品桿子。今已罕見。 [While in Yang Chengfu’s 1931 manual … Continue reading

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HAO STYLE TAIJI

– 武式太極拳 WU YUXIANG STYLE TAIJI BOXING 郝少如 編者 by Hao Shaoru 顧留馨 審 edited by Gu Liuxin [published June, 1963] [translation by Paul Brennan, June, 2013] – 郝為真(1849─1920) Hao Weizhen – 武式太極拳簡介 INTRODUCTION TO WU YUXIANG STYLE TAIJI BOXING 河北永年人武河清,字禹襄(1812─1880),出身於小官僚地主家庭,兄弟三人在家練習武術。當楊露禪(1799─1872)自陳家溝返鄉,禹襄兄弟愛其術,從學陳氏老架太極拳,得其大概。禹襄兄澄清(1800─1884)於1852年中進士,官河南舞陽縣知縣,禹襄赴兄任所,便道過溫縣陳家溝,擬訪露禪之師陳長興(1771─1853)求益。道經趙堡鎮,知長興已老病(這年長興已82歲,越歲卒),時陳青萍在趙堡鎮教授陳氏新架太極拳,遂從青萍學新架月餘,備悉理法。澄清於舞陽鹽店得王宗岳(乾隆年間人)《太極拳譜》,禹襄得譜研究,更有發悟,以練拳心得發揮王氏舊譜之義,為《十三勢行工歌訣》作註解十條,名為《打手要言》;又衍為《十三勢行工心解》四則;並歸納鍛煉要領為《身法十要》。其著作皆根據其本身的體驗,故簡練精要,無一浮詞。 禹襄之甥李經綸,字亦畬(1832─1892),於1853年始從禹襄學拳。亦畬研究太極拳,仿禹襄實驗之法,招致鄉勇以自驗其技,一再筆錄修訂。亦畬之孫槐蔭於1935年在李廉讓堂本《太極拳譜序》中說:“此譜系先祖晚年所著,中經多次修改,方克完成。每得一勢巧妙,一著竅要,即書一紙貼於座右,比試揣摩,不斷實驗,逾數日覺有不妥應修改,即撕下,另易他條,往復撕貼必至完善而始止,久之遂集成書。”李亦畬的太極拳論文有:“五字訣”一篇、“撒放秘訣”擎引鬆放七言四句、“走架打手行工要言”一篇(闡述了走架即是打手、打手即是走架,練拳和推手相輔相成之理)。近代太極拳的傳布,以楊氏祖孫三代對教材教法不斷創新之力為多,而於拳理的鑽研總結,首推武、李,較之王宗岳《太極拳論》之抽象性的概括,原為具體切實,有繼承、有發展,乃能自成一家。 … Continue reading

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THE TAIJI CLASSICS

– 郝和珍藏 FOR HAO WEIZHEN TO CHERISH: 王宗岳太極拳論 後附小序並五字訣 “WANG ZONGYUE’S TAIJI BOXING TREATISE” APPENDED WITH MY PREFACE & “FIVE-WORD FORMULA” [A manual handwritten by Li Yiyu, presented to his student, Hao He (Weizhen) – 1881] [translation by Paul Brennan, … Continue reading

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AN OUTLINE OF TAIJI THEORY

– 太極拳刀劍桿散手合編 附錄 APPENDIX SECTION from Taiji Compiled: The Boxing, Saber, Sword, Pole, and Sparring 陳炎林 by Chen Yanlin [published June, 1943] [translation by Paul Brennan, March, 2013] – 太極拳論 THE TAIJI BOXING TREATISE 一舉動周身俱要輕靈。尤須貫串。氣宜鼓盪。神宜內斂。無使有缺陷處。無使有凸凹處。無使有斷續處。其根在脚。發於腿。主宰於腰。形於手指。由脚而腿而腰。總須完整一氣。向前退後。乃能得機得勢。身便散亂。其病必於腰腿求之。上下前後左右皆然。凡此皆是意。不在外面。有上卽有下。有前則有後。有左則有右。如意要向上。卽寓下意。若將物掀起而加以挫之之意。斯其根自斷。乃壞之速而無疑。虛實宜分清楚。一處有一處虛實。周身節節貫串。無令絲毫間斷耳。 Once there is any movement, your … Continue reading

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YANG STYLE TAIJI SWORD

– 太極劍 附太極長拳 TAIJI SWORD Including TAIJI LONG BOXING 陳微明 by Chen Weiming [1928] [translation by Paul Brennan, Dec, 2012] – 太極劍 附太極長拳 Taiji Sword & Taiji Long Boxing 孝胥 – [calligraphy by] Zheng Xiaoxu [鄭孝胥] – 慎先婣世兄察書 For this … Continue reading

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YANG STYLE TAIJI SABER

– 太極拳刀劍桿散手合編〔卷八〕 PART EIGHT of Taiji Compiled: The Boxing, Saber, Sword, Pole, and Sparring 陳炎林 by Chen Yanlin [published June, 1943] [translation by Paul Brennan, Nov, 2012] – 太極刀 TAIJI SABER 太極刀。一名十三勢刀。有十三字訣。砍、刴、剗、截、刮、撩、扎、捛、劈、纏、搧、攔、滑。為昔日楊家太極拳術中著名器械之一。刀式不多。惟式式均能實用。而化人攻人。尤為神妙。令人不可測度。相傳楊健侯時。有著名神刀張某者。與楊交手。楊僅以拂塵代刀。張前進未及一步。刀遂被黏住。竟無一刀出手。可見楊家太極刀之深奧也。惜乎迄今得正傳者少。如廣陵散幾成絕調矣。著者不願珍秘。特將斯刀練法及用法。詳加闡明。以供好此者作為借鏡。太極刀在練時或用時。皆以腰腿為主動樞紐。刀之進退。腰腿相隨。用刀猶如用手。上下、前後、左顧、右盼、周身一致。其間不可稍有斷續。尤不能以力運刀。(如手臂拙力使刀運轉等)恐因拙力。(卽呆力)則己身內勁閉於骨內。不克運行於外。遂有運轉不靈之弊。務須以刀引出己身內勁。使周身內勁及精氣神運於刀上。如水銀裝於其內。運用達於刀尖。收之至尾。故楊家前輩練習太極刀。有重咸在五斤以上。蓋欲由重刀之轉動。引出本身內勁。倘渠運此重刀。僅以手而不用腰腿。試問其能神速乎。故學者之練習太極刀。非以腰腿勁運轉不可。至於沾黏等勁與徒手拳式同。否則不能成為太極刀正宗也。 Taiji Saber is also called Thirteen Dynamics Saber … Continue reading

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ANSWERING QUESTIONS ABOUT TAIJI (TAIJI DA WEN)

– 太極答問 附單式練法 ANSWERING QUESTIONS ABOUT TAIJI Including SINGLE POSTURE PRACTICE METHODS 陳微明 by Chen Weiming [1929] [translation by Paul Brennan, Oct, 2012] – 太極答問 Answering Questions About Taiji 附單式練法 including “Single Posture Practice Methods” – [calligraphy by Chen Weiming] … Continue reading

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THE TAIJI MANUAL OF XU YUSHENG

– 太極拳勢圖解 TAIJI BOXING POSTURES EXPLAINED 許禹生 by Xu Yusheng [1921] [translation by Paul Brennan, Aug, 2012] – 辛酉七月 1921, 7th month 太極拳勢圗解 Taiji Boxing Postures Explained 傅增湘 – [calligraphy by] Fu Zengxiang – 題詞 [1st] FOREWORD 在昔角牴。意存釣奇。曳牛摶豬。徒勇何為。 嗟彼武術。損益然疑。發揮光大。其在是時。 敎誨有度。調一罄宜。桓桓學子。天馬得覊。 … Continue reading

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WU JIANQUAN’S TAIJI

– 自修適用 吳鑑泉氏的太極拳 WU JIANQUAN STYLE TAIJI BOXING – FOR SELF-STUDY 陳振民 馬岳樑 編著 by Chen Zhenmin & Ma Yueliang 康健雜誌社發行 published by the Health Magazine Society [May, 1935] [translation by Paul Brennan, May, 2012] – 柔道得之 The way of softness will succeed. … Continue reading

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THE ART OF TAIJI BOXING (TAIJI QUAN SHU)

– 太極拳術 THE ART OF TAIJI BOXING 陳微明 by Chen Weiming [1925] [translation by Paul Brennan, March, 2012] – 太極拳術 The Art of Taiji Boxing 乙丑夏五〔鄭〕孝胥 – [calligraphy by] Zheng Xiaoxu, 2nd year of the cycle, summer, 5th month [June/July, … Continue reading

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METHODS OF APPLYING TAIJI BOXING (TAIJI QUAN SHIYONG FA)

– 太極拳使用法 METHODS OF APPLYING TAIJI BOXING 楊澄甫 by Yang Chengfu [published by 神州國光社發行 Society for Chinese National Glory, Jan, 1931] [translation by Paul Brennan, Nov, 2011] – 武當嫡派 “Descended from Wudang” – 楊健侯先師遺像 Photograph of the late Yang Jianhou – … Continue reading

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TAIJI TWO-PERSON SET (TAIJI SANSHOU DUIDA)

– 太極拳刀劍桿散手合編〔卷十〕 PART TEN of Taiji Compiled: The Boxing, Saber, Sword, Pole, and Sparring 陳炎林 by Chen Yanlin [published June, 1943] [translation by Paul Brennan, July, 2011] – 太極散手對打 THE TAIJI TWO-PERSON SPARRING SET 散手在太極拳中。亦為重要功夫之一。能補助推手與大捋之不足。凡在推手或大捋時。如人手易丢。或無沾黏掤化諸勁。則散手尚焉。太極拳中之散手。完全與他派不同。其沾黏連隨。捨己從人。內勁化發。綿綿不斷。一如推手大捋。勿論一手或一式。均有化有發。出乎自然。全以腰腿為主。而無硬施強行等動作。學者練習推手大捋至相當程度後。則散手之應用。萬不可不研究。否則如九仞之崇。所欠一簣。豈不惜哉。太極散手。分單人練習與雙人練習二種。單人練習。方式甚多。或用掌。或用拳。或用腕。或用肘。或用肩。或用腰。或用胯。或用膝。或用足。(共九節。節節能發人。)凡拳架中任何一勢一手。皆可單練。惟姿勢、應用、內勁、及運氣等法。則非由名師傳授不可。雙人練習。係將全套十三勢拳架中各式。一一拆開。隨每手用法。互相聯貫。合成散手對打。其間接連之處。可謂天衣無縫。千變萬化。奧妙無窮。誠拳中之傑作也。學者如能將其全套上下手各式熟記。並能應用。則在單人盤架子時。姿勢卽能準確美觀。而興趣愈覺濃厚。心身獲益。恐非筆墨所能形容。至推手大捋時。更可左右逢迎。出奇制勝。實為太極拳中之結晶。希學者切勿漠視之。 In Taiji Boxing, the sparring set … Continue reading

Posted in Taiji